Type 2 Diabetes Information: Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, and Treatments

Are you looking for type 2 diabetes information? Well, here it is. In general, Diabetes Mellitus is a condition where there is a high level of blood sugar. Diabetes itself is classified into 3; type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. The type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease caused by the body that cannot utilize the insulin properly. Insulin is a kind of hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas.

Insulin is very important as it controls the amount of sugar blood within the body cells in the blood. The diabetes patients tend to have a big amount of sugar blood but it is not enough for the body cells. This condition brings complications in the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and even teeth.
The type 2 diabetes is the common one from all types of diabetes mellitus. More than 90% of the diabetes cases are the type 2, mainly it is suffered by those the adults and elderly. Besides, obese people have a higher risk of being suffered from this disease.


There are many factors that can cause the type 2 of diabetes. As it has been mentioned before, when you have this disease, the fat, liver, and muscle cells cannot respond to the insulin well. This condition is also known as insulin resistance. Consequently, the cells cannot accept the sugar blood to be processed into energy and then the sugar is kept in the blood. This condition is named Hyperglycemia.

So, how can the sugar blood be that high until the insulin cannot manage it well? The bad lifestyle is often accused of as the main cause of type 2 diabetes. Too much consumption of sweet dishes and carbohydrate simply increase the sugar blood. When it is not balanced by the exercises and active movement, gradually, the sugar is accumulated in the blood and cause diabetes.

Meanwhile, if some of your family members have the history of type 2 diabetes, the risk of you being suffered from this disease is also getting higher. There is a tendency of some genes are easier to have insulin problems compared to the others.

Risk Factors

Unfortunately, type 2 diabetes is a condition that cannot be fully understood by the experts. In fact, some people some people have more risk factors of type 2 diabetes while the others are not. So, what are the risks? Here they are.
First, it is due to body weight. If you are overweight or obese, it means you have the primary risk factor of the type 2 diabetes. The thicker fat issues, the cells tend to be more resistant towards insulin. But it doesn’t mean that the slim and skinny people cannot experience the risk. There is still a possibility for them to be suffered from the disease.

Second, the risk factor is related to the fat distribution. If your body keeps the fat in the stomach area, there is a higher risk to have type 2 diabetes compared with if the fat distribution is around the hip and thighs.
Third, passive lifestyle increases the risk to have type 2 diabetes. The physical activities help you a lot in controlling the weight. The activities use glucose as the energy source. This way, your body cells are more sensitive towards insulin.

Fourth, it is regarding the medical history of the family. If one of your parents or grandparents have diabetic problems, it means you must be careful since the risk is much higher for you. Since the beginning you know the family’s medical history of diabetes, you should control your sugar and carbohydrate consumption as well as do more exercises and activities.

Fifth, the older you are, the risk of you have the type 2 diabetes is getting higher. Most of the patients are those people above 45 years old. It is probably because people on the ages tend to be passive and losing their muscle mass. Besides, the body mass is increased as well as the aging indeed decreases the function of pancreas beta cells, the producers of insulin.

Lastly, there is a condition named Pre-diabetes. It is a condition when your sugar blood is higher than the normal level but it is not high enough to be classified into diabetes. If you don’t change your lifestyle, the condition can be continued into the type 2 diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms

Type 2 diabetes has some significant symptoms but in the beginning, it is not simply felt or seen. The patients even often don’t realize that they have this disease in the early years. Some common symptoms of the type 2 diabetes are as follow; easily hungry and thirsty, frequently urinating, blurry view, easily tired, feeling painful and tingling on the hands and feet, itchy, and erectile dysfunction for the men.

Aside from the symptoms mentioned above, there are some other signs that show the type 2 diabetes but they tend to be different from one to another. As an example, one patient may feel numb in the area of hands or feet. This is not a common symptom felt by all diabetes patients but only some of them.

Treatments and How to Avoid Type 2 Diabetes

Although the type 2 of diabetes is quite difficult to be totally healed, there are some efforts you can do to avoid the disease. First of all, you must control your eating habit or do a healthy diet. Even if you have been in the pre-diabetic session, a healthy diet helps you a lot to control the glucose.

Next, you must exercise regularly around 3-4 times a week for 30 minutes. By moving your body more, the sugar blood can be control and you can simply burn the fat that causes the problem of insulin resistance.
Besides, there are some food ingredients, supplements, and medications to control the sugar blood. Meanwhile, if you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you can join the insulin therapy. For the better results, consult your doctor about your conditions, the best treatments you can do, and further type 2 diabetes information.

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